World leaders call for lasting ceasefire for Syria

US-backed Kurdish militants stand guard next to American armored vehicles at the Syria Turkey border in April 2017

US-backed Kurdish militants stand guard next to American armored vehicles at the Syria Turkey border in April 2017

The move comes two days after President Tayyip Erdogan issued what he said was a "final warning" to those who would endanger Turkey's borders, saying Ankara was determined to focus its attention on Syrian Kurdish fighters east of the Euphrates.

A joint statement adopted at the end of a major summit in Istanbul said the countries were committed to working "together in order to create conditions for peace and stability in Syria". Turkey accused the YPG of constructing trenches along its border.

Turkey has stepped its diplomatic efforts to avert a new wave of displaced people from Idlib, which includes some 4 million civilians, until Sochi agreement was reached with Russian Federation on September 17.

The YPG said the Turkish shelling was "unprovoked" and is a distraction from the fight against Daesh in eastern Syria. Germany and France have taken in tens of thousands of Syrians.

On Friday, Erdogan said Turkey would not allow "terror groups located east of the Euphrates River" to threaten Turkey's security. Yet, continuous USA support to the YPG has made the group establish itself militarily in the region. The attack on YPG came just two days after Erdogan accused the USA of stalling on a June agreement to push the group away from the town of Manbij on the western flank of the Euphrates, and said he was warning Kurdish fighters for the last time to retreat.

Since 2015, the European Union has been struggling to cope with an influx of refugees, many from Iraq and Syria, and European countries hope war-torn areas can stabilize so that people can return.

"The U.S. was the least affected country by the developments in Syria".

The Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the ruling authority of the self-proclaimed Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, has condemned Turkey's attacks on two villages in Kobani, calling on Damascus to shoulder responsibility.

The Qatar-based Al Jazeera channel underlined the importance of the Istanbul summit's call for drafting a new constitution in Syria.

Turkey and Russian Federation have held several talks with Iran on the Syrian conflict in efforts that have often been greeted with suspicion in the West, but Saturday's summit was the first to include the EU's two most significant national leaders.

Presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said Turkey would also push during the summit in Istanbul for the preservation of an agreement that set up a demilitarized zone around the northwestern Syrian province of Idlib.

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